Canada is considered one of the most desirable countries to migrate. Its high standard of living and economic stability definitely makes it the best country to move to. Another reason which makes Canada a desirable country is its transparency in selecting the people. There is a Canada PR Points system which allows immigrants of different cadre to come to their country with much more ease.
Reasons for migrating to Canada:
There is a great demand and value of skilled professionals.
Not a very cumbersome immigration process as compared to other countries.
Healthcare and educational benefits.
Beautiful and vibrant landscape with welcoming people.
Canada Immigration Process:
Canada has one of the most forthcoming immigration processes. There are several ways in which you can apply to move to Canada. These are listed below:
1. Express Entry Program
2. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
3. Quebec Selected Worker Program (QSWP)
Well these programs are dynamic in nature and are subject to changes over time. They are also designed for different sets of applicants and with different capabilities. So the whole thing depends on how well versed and updated you are with the Canadian Immigration policies.
Canada Express Entry Program:
One of the most tried and tested ways of migrating to Canada is the Express Entry Program. Canada is one of the first countries to launch a point-based system in its immigration policies for validating the profiles of applicants.
The total processing time for this program is around 5 to 6 months approx.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP):
If you are looking for a specific province in Canada and want to apply for that province only, then this the option you should opt for.
The step by step procedure of this program are listed below:
1: Applying in the desired province
2: If your profile meets the requirement of Province, you will get a nomination from that Province.
3: Once you get a nomination, you can apply for Canadian PR.
There are different eligibility criteria for different provinces but they are similar to Express Entry Program.
The Provincial Nominee Program is usually the option the applicant is told to choose if his/her points are not making the cut of express entry draw but they have a provincial nomination with them.
The best part of PNP is that it helps you in two ways of getting a PR. First is that it adds 600 CRS points to your Express Entry profile. The second one is that it makes you eligible for applying PR directly to IRCC.
Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP):
There is another Provincial Nominee Program for Quebec known as Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP). The motive behind this program is to encourage more immigrants to Quebec and also to deprive the applicants of the cumbersome and lengthy immigration process.
Well in this program, it is actually not necessary to have a valid job offer letter but having a job offer will certainly give you a priority. In this program, Quebec gives the applicant a Quebec Selection Certificate after they have applied under this program. This program also based on the model of the Express Entry Program having the same kind of point system.
Now let us understand who is eligible to apply for Canada PR Visa?
Well there are different sets of requirements under different programs for migrating to Canada. But there are certain things that are common in the Canada Immigration Process as ascertained by the Canadian Government. These common criteria’s are:
1. Educational Qualification
2. Professional Experience
3. IELTS/PTE Score
4. French Language Proficiency for Quebec
5. Reference and Legal Documents
6. Canadian Employment Offer
Well this list is subject to change and is updated constantly as per the Canadian Government.
Migrating to Canada by Express Entry:
|Express Entry Programs|
|Federal Skilled Worker Program||Canadian Experience Class||Federal Skilled Trades Program|
|CLB 7 for NOC code 0 or A||CLB 5 (speaking and listening)|
|(English or French skills)||CLB 5 for NOC code B||CLB 4 (reading and writing)|
Work Experience: (Type/Level &Amount)
|Canada Work Experience in NOCs||Canada Work Experience in NOCs||Canada Work Experience in a skilled trade|
One year continuous within the last 10 years
One year in Canada in the last 3 years
Two years within the last 5 years
|Job offer||Selection criteria (FSW) points for a job offer.||Not Applicable||A full-time job offer for at least 1 year|
|Secondary education required.||
|Extra points for your post-secondary education.|
IRCC Time Lines
|ECA Credential Assessment: Upon submission of documents to designated authorities 8 to 20 weeks.|
|Express Entry Profile: Express Entry Profile is valid for 1 year from the date of submission.|
|PR Application: Upon receiving ITA client must submit supporting documents within 60 days.|
|PR Visa: Upon submission of PR application the visa processing time is 6 months.|
|PR Visa: PR visa is valid for 5 years.|
Now as we know the different programs that you can choose to migrate to Canada. Let talk about them in detail:
Canada Express Entry Program:
The Express Entry is basically a point scheme Canada PR process imposed by the Canadian Government. The points are rewarded to applicants to check their Canada PR eligibility based on criteria’s listed below:
2. Working Experience
3. Employment Status
4. Provincial Nomination
The points system works on the same working parameter i.e. higher the points, higher is your chances of getting an Invitation to Apply (ITA). The processing time for PR by Express Entry is approximately 6 to 12 months.
Let’s dive into a more detailed explanation of the Express Entry Program-
The best part of this program is the transparency offered by the Canadian Immigration Department. It is considered as one the most streamlined process for permanent residency.
The key information about this program are:
- This program is open throughout the year and the submission is done online.
- Under Express Entry, the applicant can apply under the Federal Skilled Program, Federal Traders Program and Canadian Experienced Class Immigration Program.
- You have to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) and should apply under the skill type 0, A or B
- Once your profile is evaluated based on the points ascertained by the Canadian government, it is then placed in the Express Entry pool.
- The Canadian Employers and Provinces will assess the pool and find the skill sets they need.
- Once your profile is picked, then the ITA is sent to the highest point holder to apply for PR.
- There is no specific number of ITA’s issued by the Canada Immigration Authority. It is mostly up to the Annual Immigration Level.
Canada PR Requirements under Express Entry Program:
This program uses a point-based system for evaluation of the applicant’s profile. The main motive of this system is to identify the applicant with the highest chance of succeeding once they migrate to Canada.
The points are given with a maximum score of 1200. This scoring system is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The evaluation is done for you and your spouse (if any) based on the following criteria listed below:
2. Educational Qualification
3. Language Proficiency
4. Canadian Working Experience
5. Other Work Experience
6. Skill Transferability
7. Some other factors
Express Entry Program Benefits:
Transparency is the major benefit of this program. Applicants get to know the CRS points that they need to score beforehand so that they are eligible for ITA.
The awareness of the median score that the applicants need to score so that they are eligible for PR. If they are not making the cut, they can always try to improve their CRS score or try some other options.
They can also improve their language skills or working experience for improving their CRS score. If still that not make them eligible then they can opt for Provincial Nomination.
Well that was a lot of information about the Express Entry Program. Now let us discuss the steps involved for applying PR under Express Entry.
Steps in Express Entry Program:
Step 1: Express Entry Profile Creation
The first step is online profile creation for the Express Entry Pool. The profile includes details of age, working experience, educational qualification, language proficiency, etc. Based on these factors, your profile is given scores for the pool.
If the required are achieved by the applicant’s profile, then it is submitted in the pool.
Step 2: Education Credentials Assessment (ECA)
This is required when you have done your education outside of Canada. This is done to prove that your qualifications are equal to the recognized Canadian education system.
Step 3: Language Proficiency Test:
You are required to have a minimum of 6 bands each in IELTS which is equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7. The validity of the score of 2 years at the time of application submission.
If you know French, it can give you an edge on the language proficiency assessment.
Step 4: Calculating your CRS score:
Once your profile is submitted in the pool, it is given rank on the basis of CRS score which includes criteria’s like:
The profile will be submitted in the Express Entry pool if it has got the required CRS score.
Step 5: Invitation To Apply (ITA)
Once your profile is picked in the Express Entry pool, you will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) by the Canadian Immigration Authority. After getting the ITA, you can start your documentation for Permanent Residency (PR) visa.
Now let us understand the Provincial Nominee Program.
If you are looking for a PR and can’t get the required CRS score cutoff. Then PNP will certainly help you. In this program, the Canadian Province or territories have a provision of nominating individuals for PR. Well this program has a separate filing system for Express Entry but having a nomination from a province will earn you an additional 600 CRS points when the applicant profile is in Express Entry Pool.
There are several provinces who have given the Letter of Interest to candidates with a CRS score of 400 points as well.
Details about CANADA PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM (PNP):
This PNP program was basically created to invite talented skilled immigrants into the provinces that are facing a talent shortage. The best provinces that come under the PNP program are:
2. Nova Scotia
3. Prince Edward Island
If you are a skilled professional, then you can certainly explore your option of PR through PNP as well.
If you are a skilled worker and want to contribute to the economy of a particular province, then you apply with PNP and become a permanent resident as well.
Well there are two options when it comes to filing through PNP. These are:
- Paper-Based Process
- Through Express Entry
Paper-based Application Process:
If your occupation is in the In-Demand Occupation List of the province and meets other requirements as well, then you will receive a nomination from that province. After getting that you can apply for Canada PR Visa.
The filing in this is done by submitting a paper application for PR Visa. This way of applying usually takes longer than the Express Entry System.
Through the Express Entry Application Process:
There are actually two ways of applying under Express Entry.
One way is that you can apply for nomination by contacting province and then filing the nomination under Express Entry. If you get a positive response by the province and then you can move ahead.
The second way of doing this by creating an Express Entry Profile and notifying the provinces you are interested in. If you get a Letter of Interest from a province then you can apply through Express Entry.
Steps in PNP Program:
1: Applying in the desired province.
2: Once your profile meets the requirement, you will be nominated by that province.
3: After getting the nomination you can apply for PR visa
Note: There are different criteria for evaluating profile which varies from province to province.
1. Passport Copy
2. Educational Certificates
3. Working Experience Certificate
4. Medical Report
5. Police Clearance Certificate (PCC)
6. Other Supporting Documents
Features of PNP Program:
There are almost 80 provinces that offer their eligibility requirement for nomination. This allows them to fulfill their employment needs.
Most provinces require applicants to have some connection with that province. Either a working experience or a study certificate from that province will suffice. If both are not there, then an employment certificate from an employer in that province will also do the trick.
It helps you to get PR in two ways, by Express Entry as the nomination will add 600 CRS points to your profile or by separate nomination.
Then comes the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP):
If you want to migrate by this program, then the applicant should either have a valid job offer letter from Quebec or should have sufficient points in the Quebec Selection Grid.
This program is designed such that the person migrating to Quebec is most likely to become economically stable upon migrating there.
The applicant who wishes to reside in any of the provinces of Quebec is gone through a different set of selection than the applicant who wishes to reside anywhere in Canada.
To qualify for this program, the applicant must score at least 50 points and if the applicant is with a spouse or conjugal partner then a score of 59 points is required. The points based on the following criteria:
|Education||Up to 14 points (Cutoff Score = 2 points)|
|Area of Training||Up to 12 points|
|Validated Employment Offer||Up to 10 points|
|Work Experience||Up to 8 points|
|Age||Up to 16 points|
|Language Proficiency||Up to 22 points|
|Stay and Family in Quebec||Up to 8 points|
|Spouse/Common-law partner Characteristics||Up to 17 points|
|Children||Up to 8 points|
|Financial Self-Sufficiency||1 point|
Quebec PR is a two-stage process.
The first stage is divided into 3 sub-sections. These are:
In the second stage, the application process includes PCC, medical certificates, and stamping of visa. The average processing time for the whole process will take around 12 months.
Well as of now you must be knowing everything that you need to know for migrating to Canada.
Now let Pi Overseas help you go through this cumbersome process with ease. Pi Overseas is known for its excellent track record. Let us help and guide you every step of the way. We will give you guidance on the following things:
- Educational Assessment
- Document Checklist and transcripts
- Documentation Requirement guidance
- Filing for the online application
- Language Proficiency guidance
- Reference letter
- Self-Declaration Letter
We also help you crack IELTS and PTE tests with the help of our guidance to score more in these exams. So Contact our Experts for more information
If you are willing to know more about the Canada Immigration process, you can certainly contact us by writing us an email on email@example.com and one of our experts will help you out in every possible way. You may also call us on +91-9999-00-4310 or you can also receive a call back from our expert once you fill out the inquiry form. You can also talk to our experts directly through our live chat feature and clear your doubts instantaneously.
We at Pi Overseas have a team of dedicated experts that cater to every need of the clients. We have a proven track record in the immigration industry which was achieved in a very short span of time. Our experts will help and guide you every step of the filing process and keep you posted throughout the whole cumbersome process of visa filing.
The minimum points required for getting a Canadian PR is 67 points. These points are calculated based on factors like age, educational qualifications, working experience, and language proficiency. Your ranking in the Express Entry Pool is further determined by the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score also known as the Express Entry Points.
The whole fund requirement that is going to be incurred in the entire Canada Immigration Process can be further divided into two parts.
- Funds required for the creation of a profile in the Express Entry System in the Federal Express Entry System or any other Canadian PR Program.
- The requirement of funds after the applicant has received an Invitation to Apply (ITA) (after the submission of the Canadian PR application).
Canada Permanent Residency Fee:
|Charges applied for||Amount in CAD$||Amount in INR|
|Canada PR Fee for Primary Applicant||825||44,546|
|Right of PR Fee||500||27,018|
|Spouse or Partner processing fee||825||44,546|
|Dependent Child (Per child)||225||12,158|
|IELTS Test fees||13,250|
|ECA from WES fees||220||11,888|
|Medical Test||5,500 (vary place to place)|
|PCC Fees||1000 (vary place to place)|
Note- Theses prices are subject to change as per the government norms.
Candidate applying for PR in Canada is needed to show proof of funds as per the Canadian Government. This is imposed by the Canadian Immigration Department in order to prove that the applicant is able to support them and their family members during their initial stay in Canada until they are able to procure their first income.
In order to show the proof of funds, you need to show an adequate amount in your bank account. For proof you can show a letter from the bank or the financial statement of your account.
Proof of Funds:
|Number of family members||Funds required (CAD)||Funds required (INR) Approx.|
|Each additional family member||$3,492||1,85,087|
Well getting a good CRS score is one of the utmost things that the applicant should prioritize first in the filing for Canada PR. The IRCC has been known for not giving any leverage on the CRS Score. Thus the applicants are left with no other choice other than to increase their Express Entry Points. Here are a few things you can opt, that will surely enhance your CRS score.
- Increasing Primary Language Proficiency:
As per the Express Entry Program guidelines, the Canadian Government requires CLB 7 in English or French whichever is your primary language. So you can increase your IELTS score by giving the test once again.
- Second Language Proficiency:
As most of the foreign immigrants have English as a primary language. If there is no scope in increasing your IELTS score, then you can opt for learning French which will certainly give extra points on the Express Entry Program.
- Making your partner as a primary applicant:
It might be possible that your partner may get a higher score than you based on his/her credentials. Well, in that case, you certainly make your partner as a primary applicant as they have a better chance of getting a good score in the Express Entry Program and you tag along with as the secondary applicant or on a dependant visa.
- Opt for Provincial Nominee Program:
Getting a nomination from one of the provinces of Canada will get you an additional of 600 CRS points which will enhance your CRS Score. If you apply for a nomination through the Express Entry Steam of a PNP, you will be entitled to these extra points which in turn increase your chances of getting a PR in Canada.
- Educational qualifications and working experience:
Well, the higher the educational level of the applicant, the higher are the points rewarded to them. The same goes for the working experience of a candidate. This is because Canada needs those immigrants who can contribute to and enhance the Canadian economy. Working experience is one of the key parameters that can ensure that.